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Thursday, August 6, 2020 | History

1 edition of Subcortical correlates of human behavior found in the catalog.

Subcortical correlates of human behavior

Manuel Riklan

Subcortical correlates of human behavior

a psychological study of thalamic and basal ganglia surgery

by Manuel Riklan

  • 106 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Williams & Wilkins Co. in Baltimore .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Brain -- Localization of functions.,
  • Human behavior.,
  • Parkinson"s disease.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies.

    Statement[by] Manuel Riklan [and] Eric Levita.
    ContributionsLevita, Eric, joint author.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQP385 .R54
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxii, 335 p.
    Number of Pages335
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5631819M
    LC Control Number68057798

      1 Cummings JL: Frontal-subcortical circuits and human behavior. Arch Neurol ; –Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar. 2 Baxter LR, Phelps ME, Mazziotta JC, et al: Cerebral metabolic rates for glucose in mood disorders: studies with positron emission tomography and fluorodeoxyglucose F Cited by: OBJECTIVE: This study investigated functional cerebral correlates of craving in alcoholic patients and examined the state/trait characteristics of the regional cerebral network implicated in : Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to map cerebral response elicited by ethanol odor in 10 male patients with alcohol dependence who had undergone detoxification and 10 Cited by:

    Subliminal: How Your Unconscious Mind Rules Your Behavior by Leonard Mlodinow "Subliminal" is the provocative and fascinating look at the unconscious part of our minds. One of my favorite authors and physicists, Leonard Mlodinow, takes the readers on a journey into the science of the unconscious. What a fun and enlightening book this was/5.   This study explored the cortical functionality in young women while reading a sexually-explicit text. Electroencephalographic activity (EEG) was recorded in heterosexual women while reading either a sexually-explicit text or one with neutral content. Absolute power (AP) and the degree of EEG synchronization among the prefrontal, temporal and parietal cortices were analyzed for the different Cited by: 1.

    The limbic system, also known as the paleomammalian cortex, is a set of brain structures located on both sides of the thalamus, immediately beneath the medial temporal lobe of the cerebrum primarily in the forebrain.. It supports a variety of functions including emotion, behavior, motivation, long-term memory, and olfaction. Emotional life is largely housed in the limbic system, and it FMA:   In an fMRI study investigating the neural correlates of long-term love 5, the researchers found activation in the dopamine "want" reward system when participants viewed pictures of .


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Subcortical correlates of human behavior by Manuel Riklan Download PDF EPUB FB2

This is a PDF-only article. The first page of the PDF of this article appears above. Lieberman's book is an excellent counter to the incredibly (and not entirely plausible) complex idea of innate grammar proposed by Chomsky.

Lieberman proposes a functional language system that (FLS)that is the result of many brain regions processing together rather than just one area (modularity) taking care of specific functions (i.e. one part of the brain vision, another language, etc).Cited by: The question is no longer if these subcortical regions are involved in these processes, but instead, how they are involved.

The book is also organized around two basic concepts: (1) the functional neuroanatomy of the basal ganglia and the cerebellum; and (2) how this relates to behavior and neuropsychological by: Subcortical correlates of human behavior; a psychological study of thalamic and basal ganglia surgery.

We sought to determine subcortical brain structural correlates of several broad aptitudes including Math, Vocabulary, Foresight, Paper Folding, and Inductive Reasoning in a large (N = Subcortical correlates of auditory perceptual organization in humans. Subcortical correlates of auditory perceptual organization in human behavior.

Second, they measured neural. Thus, the present study focused on bistability and attached importance to the simultaneous recording of brainstem activity and behavior during the switching stage in human listeners.

The behavior during the stochastic switching stage reflects internal brain processes, and there is essentially no contribution from stimulus factors, in contrast to the buildup by: 7. Limbic and subcortical brain regions mediate fundamental functions such as memory, emotion, motivation, and mood.

Limbic and subcortical systems also play a key neurobiological role in other important aspects of human experience, such as substance abuse. —This synthetic review was performed to demonstrate the utility of frontal-subcortical circuits in the explanation of a wide range of human behavioral disorders.

Data Sources. —Reports of patients with degenerative disorders or focal lesions involving frontal lobe or linked subcortical structures were chosen from the English by: Electrical stimulation of the left ventrolateral (VL) thalamus and genu of the corpus callosum had a disturbing effect on subtraction performance.

This was not seen during stimulation of the right VL thalamus, pulvinar or frontal internal capsule. Coagulation of the left VL thalamus caused deterioration of the ability to by: 6.

An Invitation to Anthropology: the Structure, Evolution and Cultural Identity of Human Societies (Berghahn Books, ). Robinson, M. et Cited by:   Revisiting subcortical brain volume correlates of autism in the ABIDE dataset: effects of age and sex.

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by substantial clinical, etiological and neurobiological by: 9. Abstract. Psychophysiological processes—or the study of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral phenomena in relation to physiological principles (Cacioppo & Tassinary, )—represent one of the most broadly studied biological correlates of antisocial ionally, measures of central (i.e., electroencephalogram, event-related potentials) and autonomic (i.e., heart rate, skin Cited by: 8.

the subcortical brain structures, affecting the central white matter with a relative sparing of the cortex, or gray matter. DistinQuishino Characteristics of Cortical and Subcortical Dementias Benson and Cummings (a) described the distinguishing characteristics of cortical and subcortical dementias, which are summarized in Table 1.

The primary. subcortical neural networks aroused during affective states in humans are also critically important for generating emotional behaviors in animals. Artificial arousal of the same brain regions generates corresponding behavior and feeling states in both humans and non-human animals.

programmed in subcortical areas of the brain, and are often treated as different from cognitive states of consciousness, such common in behavioral neuroscience to construe animal and human behavior as being caused by so-called central states rather than by Neural Correlates of Cited by:   This book argues (and fairly convincingly) that some subcortical structures have cognitive effects.

That is, they are associated with A commonplace notion is that cognition in humans is centered in the neocortex and that subcortical structures, such as the basal ganglia and the cerebellum, have largely motor functions/5. Subcortical Correlates of Individual Differences in Aptitude.

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Conceived and designed the experiments: RJ SR AV JC CW RF. Performed the experiments: RJ SR AV JC CW RF. Cited by: 7. Brain Imaging and Behavior is a bi-monthly, peer-reviewed journal, that publishes innovative, clinically relevant research using neuroimaging approaches to enhance knowledge regarding mechanisms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disorders of higher brain function including cognition, affect, and motivation.

The research published in this journal is expected to be of broad interest to. CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a given year (e.g.

) to documents published in three previous calendar years (e.g. – 14), divided by the number of documents in these three previous years (e.g. – 14). Increasing abnormalities in temporal and extratemporal cortical thickness, volumes of subcortical structures (hippocampus, thalamus, basal ganglia), all regions of the corpus callosum, and bilateral cerebellar gray matter distinguish the cognitive phenotypes in a generally step-wise by: most of the claims are based on findings showing that the behavior is plausibly explained in terms of consciousness; the alternative hypothesis is less often considered.

Since many aspects of human behavior can be accounted for by nonconscious processes30, 34. Several brain regions and physiological processes have been proposed to constitute the neural correlates of consciousness. In this Review, Koch and Cited by: